Conditions of loading and unloading goods in the charter ship charter
Chartering (Voyage) is a Ship-owner for charterers to hire all or part of a ship to transport goods from one port to another. In the mode of charter voyage, the relationship between charterers (shippers) and charterers (owners) is governed by a document called Voyage charter party abbreviated to C / P. The charter party is signed by both parties.
In large-volume charter ships such as coal, cement, and fertilizer, it is important to set a specific handling level, but it has certain limitations. Since it is associated with a specific level of loading and unloading, the two parties will have to stipulate the penalty levels and working days as stipulated in the contract (eg working days is a working day excluding Sundays, holidays, working days of 24). hours is a working day for every 24 hours, a day, or weather working day is a good working day except in times of rain or storm ...)
In addition, the goods owner must understand and understand the laws and regulations in the contract, at the port of destination where the goods are; regulations on the time of exemption and reduction when calculating, when not included in the time of loading and especially it will be difficult to calculate the factors arising when loading and unloading.
Next, the two parties will have to continue to calculate whether they are rewarded or fined for loading or unloading faster than prescribed. This is not a simple task because it requires the user to master the concepts of working days as specified in the contract, about the periods of exemptions as well as when to start timing. making goods ...
It is because of these restrictions that many shippers when signing a charter ship charter often prefer to use CQD - Customary Quick Despatch, which means that the carrier and charterer agree that loading and unloading at the port is carried out by speed. Fastness as common practice in that port. When applying under this condition, the time to do the aviation is not specifically defined, so there will be no form of reward - penalty.
Responsibilities of shippers - charterers under loading and unloading conditions at CQD charter charter contracts:
Hire workers and loading and unloading facilities so that when the ship is docked, it can be done immediately
Assign berths so that when the ship arrives, it can be safely loaded and loaded without any problems
Arrange enough workers to work for each shift, each tunnel, each trough to ensure uninterrupted
Delivery or receipt of goods according to the speed at which the crane or shore crane ensures loading and unloading speed
Complete all paperwork for timely delivery.
When applying the conditions of landscape, it will be beneficial for charterers because they are not constrained by the time to do specific goods, they can take the initiative in delivery, but also have the obligation to prepare the goods to Put on board.
For people carrying ships when applying this form, there will be many disadvantages because of the fast and slow dependence and transport habits of each port, the speed of loading and unloading is also different, each time period is different. On the other hand, the carrier will be very difficult to determine what is a reasonable period of time to continue the line of work when the expected time is normal.
Applying this method will likely result in a peaked shipper because there is not much time constraint. At this time, the carrier has the right to prove that the delay extends beyond the "common practice" framework at that port and this affects the rights of the carrier. Of course ship owners will find ways to distinguish delays due to jams, bad weather or due to subjective reasons of goods owners such as not having done transactions; import and export license not yet obtained; goods have not arrived at the port; documents of goods have not been prepared, ...
When applying under CQD conditions, the carrier usually has the accompanying rules if a specific time is exceeded (eg 1 week) the cargo handling is not done without the carrier's fault Chartering will be punished by detention. Therefore, when applying loading and unloading conditions, goods owners still have to work quickly and closely monitor the progress of work.
Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, goods owners need to understand carefully, so consider and compare the differences between the rules of awarding penalties and conditions of landscape to avoid ambiguous understanding when signing transport contracts voyage.
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