This is an issue raised by economists and National Assembly deputies at the online seminar "Key regional economy seen from the seaport system" organized by People's Deputies Newspaper on the afternoon of May 29. At Hanoi.
Currently, in the world, 80% of the volume of goods traded between countries is due to shipping. In Vietnam, 90% of the country's annual import and export of goods is through the seaport system. Accordingly, each port cluster in each region undertakes to transport goods and trade for the whole economic region. Accordingly, to know the economy of a growing or slowing economy or recession ... then just look at the hustle and bustle of the seaport system with warehouses, import and export goods will "catch the pulse". be the "breath" of the nation's economy.
Dr. Nguyen Duc Kien, Deputy Chairman of the National Assembly's Economic Committee, said that in the near future, the Asia-Pacific region will continue to invest 246 billion USD for sea transport, of which 60% is for ports. sea and ship fleet ... In Vietnam, the system of seaports nationwide takes over 550-570 million tons of cargo annually. Therefore, looking at the current port system will know the "health" of the economy. “It can be said that the advantages of sea transport with the mode of transport, large quantities, long distances, low cost costs, when economic development will affect the shipping development and vice versa, when The good development of shipping will boost the economy ”, said Mr. Nguyen Duc Kien.
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Dinh Thien, Vietnam Economic Institute, member of the Prime Minister's Advisory Group also said: We have special advantages in terms of geography and natural terrain to develop the marine economy. Specifically, Vietnam has a sea frontage with many estuaries that can serve as seaports. That's a big advantage, but in reality we have to take better advantage of these advantages.
“What are many ports to do is a question to answer. Vietnam has key economic regions located along the coastline. And each of these key economic regions has different characteristics and how to make use of those seaports to develop their economy is a big problem, "Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Dinh Thien said.
Not fully promoting its roles and advantages
According to Mr. Nguyen Duc Kien, Deputy Chairman of the National Assembly's Economic Committee, Vietnam has always placed the role of a seaport as a driving force for the development of the marine economy. "But statistically, we have 45 seaports, of which the right number of seaports is very few, but many ports, not many ports," Mr. Nguyen Duc Kien evaluated.
In general, Assoc.Prof. Dr. Tran Dinh Thien acknowledged: In our country, there have been big seaports, an important premise for economic development. However, what has Vietnam done to exploit and take advantage of those advantages ?. “Obviously, if there were no other factors attached to exploiting the available natural potential, we would certainly still be poor in the marine economy. We have to frankly recognize that the available natural potential is huge, but turning that advantage into a strategic vision to maximize the use of seaports for economic development is still limited, ”he said. Tran Dinh Thien said.
Assoc.Prof. Dr. Tran Dinh Thien stated that in Ho Chi Minh City, Ba Ria - Vung Tau, seaports have supported the industry to develop strongly and smoothly. But for the Central region, the "rear" of industry is poor, so the economic development of the port is also limited. In particular, the Southwest region is a key area for rice, the ability to import and export agricultural products is large, it is necessary to take advantage of the seaport advantages to develop. In order for ports to operate effectively, it is necessary to clearly identify the potential advantages that must be associated with the development of other factors that ensure the port's operation, in addition to natural conditions.
Many opinions at the seminar also said that, for the key economic regions, each place has its own characteristics. Therefore, it is necessary to have an accurate vision and build development directions based on the characteristics of each region. If only a general strategy is built, it is difficult to develop.
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